The Growing Regions of Champagne
The terroir in the Champagne region is predominately composed of a chalky sub-soil. The climate is harsh and the terrain recognizable for its hills.
Champagne is a patchwork of individual parcels. These divisions are a result of various soils, sub-soils, climates and microclimates, all of which contribute to the myriad of unique wines in the region. The borders of the Champagne appellation encompass 31,598 hectares in 3 departments, and 4 growing areas made up of 321 communes or crus, growing sites for the region's famous grapes, pinot noir (38%), pinot meunier (34%) and chardonnay (28%).
The vineyards of Champagne are planted between 90 and 300 meters above sea-level. Along its hillsides, most vineyards face the south, south-east or east with an average slop of 12% while certain parcels reach an incline of 60%. The Champagne region is sufficiently steep and hilly to provide proper sunlight while the gradient facilitates the drainage of excess water.
Click on the map below to see a more detailed map of each sub-region